LUCKNOW,25.05.20-Lung Cancer is a medical condition in which there is uncontrolled cell growth in lung tissue. These abnormal ceenlls continue dividing and form lumps or mass of tissue called tumors. Lung Cancer in which cancer cells migrate to other parts or the body through the blood or lumps system, when a tumor successfully spreads to other parts of the body and grows, invades and destroying other healthy tissues known as malignant Lung cancer, and if a tumor stays in one spot and demonstrate .limited growth generally considered as benign cancer .Lung Cancer is one of the commonest farm or cancer .Majority of cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking or exposure to smoke causes damages in the lining of lungs.

Causes and Risk factors of Lung Cancer

  • Smoking
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pollution (air pollution )
  • Passive Smoking
  • Lung Disease like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Asbestos
  • Exposure to arsenic ,Nickel ,Hydrocarbons
  • History of lung cancer

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

  • Persistent Haemoptysis or coughing with blood
  • Pain in the chest ,shoulder and may on back especially while laughing
  • Weight loss
  • Dyspnoea or difficulty in breathing
  • Frequent attacks of Pneumonia or Bronchitis
  • Hoarseness of the voice
  • Dysphagia or difficult swallowing
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Pain in joints and bones
  • Swelling of face
  • Loss of appetite
  • Generalized weakness
  • Pleural effusion
  • Smoker’s cough
  • Anemia

Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

Diagnosis mainly include

  • History of smoking, occupational history, lifestyle, medication
  • X-Ray chest
  • CT scan chest
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Mediastinascopy
  • Lung biopsy
  • Thoracentesis
  • Bone scan
  • Thoracotomy

Planning of treatment

A number of factors are looked at that help decide the most tailor made approach to your treatment. These include

Doctors use a wide range of diagnostic procedures and tests to diagnose lung cancer. These include the following:

The type of lung cancer

Whether the cancer is within the lung

General health of the patient

Whether the cancer has spread (the stage)

Results of blood tests and scans

Surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are all used to treat lung cancer. They can each be used alone or together.



Medical Oncologist,